In partnership with the Territorial Aborigines, the Government of the Northern Territory is developing the Northern Aboriginal Justice Agreement. The agreement outlines how the NT government and Aboriginal territories will work together to improve equity outcomes for Aboriginal people. 16.32 JAs were first introduced following a summit of Aboriginal and Islanders organizations in Torres Strait in 1997. These organizations were concerned about a gap in accountability to the State and Territory Government, which had concluded after states and territories committed to account for the imprisonment of Torres Strait Aborigines and Islanders, as recommended by the Royal Commission to Aboriginal Deaths in Custody.  Subsequently, these organizations met with Ministers of the Commonwealth, State and Territory, responsible for criminal justice, and it was decided to develop LMAs.  16.33 AJAs should be developed in all states and territories (except the Northern Territory (NT)) in partnership with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander groups. They were required to cover the „provision, funding and coordination of Aboriginal programs and services.“  The YMAs should include, among other things, objectives to reduce the over-representation of Torres Strait Aborigines and Islanders in the criminal justice system and to reduce incarceration rates. Torres Strait Aborigines and Islanders, who live in Victoria and work in the justice sector, have different cultures. The term „Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander“ is used when referring to The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Referring to the Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders of Victoria, the term „aboriginal“ is used. Other terms such as „Koori,“ „Koorie“ and „Indigenous“ are retained in the names of programs, initiatives, publishing titles and published data.
The first Victorian Aboriginal Justice Agreement (AJA1 2000-2006) was developed in response to the recommendations of the 1991 Royal Commission on Aboriginal Deaths in Custody and the National National Summit on Indian Demons in Custody in 1997. Victorian AJA is a long-term partnership between the Aboriginal community and the Victorian government. The signatories of the agreement pledge to cooperate to improve the outcome of Aboriginal justice, the safety of families and communities and reduce over-representation in the Victorian criminal justice system. Each subsequent phase of the AJA was built on its predecessors (AJA2 2006-2012, AJA3 2013-2018) to further improve justice programs and services for Aboriginal people.
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